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Monday, July 30, 2012

are pastures always greener on the other side?

Lake Nyasa/Malawi: Nyerere versus Banda

"That was in 1960. 1961 we became independent. 1962, early 1962, I resigned as Prime Minister and then a few weeks later I received Dr. Banda. Mungu amuweke mahali pema. I received Dr. Banda. We had just, FRELIMO had just established itself here and we were now in the process of starting the armed struggle. So Banda comes to me with a big old book, with lots and lots of maps in it, and tells me, "Mwalimu what is this, what is Mozambique, there is no such thing as Mozambique". I said "What do you mean there is no such thing as Mozambique". So he showed me this map, and he said "That part is part of Nyasaland. (It was still Nyasaland at that time) "that part is part of Southern Rhodesia, that part is Swaziland, and this part, which is the northern part, Makonde part, that is your part." So Banda disposed of Mozambique just like that. I ridiculed the idea, and Banda never liked anybody to ridicule his ideas. So he left and went to Lisbon to talk to Salazar about this wonderful idea. I don't know what Salazar told him...So those three, the delegation of the Masai, led by the American missionary, Banda's old book of maps, and the Ogaden, caused me to move that Resolution, in Cairo in '64 [that Africa must accept the borders which we have inherited from colonialism, accept them as they are]. And I say, the Resolution was accepted, two countries with reservations, and one was Somalia because Somalia wanted the Ogaden, Somalia wanted Northern Kenya, Somalia wanted DjiboutI" - JULIUS K. NYERERE'S 'REFLECTIONS' IN HAROUB OTHMAN'S (2000) EDITED BOOK ON REFLECTIONS ON LEADERSHIP IN AFRICA: FORTY YEARS AFTER INDEPENDENCE pp. 20-22

Wednesday, July 25, 2012

MASIHA WA TANZANIA 2015 NI NANI?


Lakini licha ya kukumbatia itikadi yenye kuwarudisha wanyonge utumwani, soko la siasa limekuwa likizalisha masiha takribani kila uchaguzi mkuu. Ni uchaguzi wa mwaka 2000 pekee ndio haukua na masiha. Mwaka 1995 alikuwa Mrema, 2005 Kikwete na 2010 Slaa. Kila mara masiha hawa wamefanikiwa kununua hisia na matumaini ya wanyonge. Lakini je, masiha hawa walikuwa mfumo mbadala wenye kurejesha matumaini kwa wanyonge? Je, na sisi wanazuoni, wajibu wetu ni nini juu ya kuibuka na kushuka kwa masiha? 

Mwl. Lwaitama anasema tusipuuze umuhimu wa masiha. Wao ni alama tu, ambayo kwayo wanyonge watajiletea ukombozi. Historia inamtetea Mwl. Lwaitama. Tangu Toussaint L’Ouverture hata Kinjekitile wanyonge wameweza kupambana dhidi ya ubeberu kwa kutiwa shime na masiha.

Lakini historia hiyo hiyo, ikisaidiwa na mantiki, vinaweza kumkosoa Mwl. Lwaitama: Katika harakati za uhuru miaka ya 50 na 60 Afrika pia ilizalisha masiha. Karibu kila nchi ilikuwa na masiha. Wanyonge walikuwa nyuma yao na kupambana pamoja nao. Ukoloni ukaondoka. Je, masiha kama Kenyatta na Banda walijenga mifumo ya aina gani baada ya ukoloni? 


Hata waliojaribu kujenga mifumo mbadala kama Nyerere bado walikuwa na mapungufu makubwa kiitikadi. Ubeberu ni mradi wa kiuchumi, wao waliushambulia kisiasa. Licha ya kujaribu kujenga ujamaa kwa namna walivyoona inafaa, hawakujikita sana katika kuziondoa nchi zao katika mfumo wa kibepari wa kimataifa, wala kujenga uchumi wa kitaifa (national economy).


Hilo mosi, pili ni kwamba ipo haja ya kutofautisha mazingira yaliyowatengeneza masiha waliopambana na ubeberu katika sura ya ukoloni na hawa wa sasa wanaoibuliwa na soko holela la siasa. Ubeberu katika sura ya biashara ya utumwa na ukoloni ulikuwa ni wa moja kwa moja, na ulikuwa na mawakala wenyeji wachache. Ukatili wake ulikuwa ni dhahiri na haikuwa kazi ya masiha kuhubiri juu ya ukatili huo. Hivyo, Ilikuwa ni rahisi sana kusema: Mzungu akiondoka mambo yatakuwa sawa. Haikuwalazimu sana masiha wa wakati ule kutaja mifumo mbadala watakayoijenga ili kuleta uhuru wa kweli. 

Je, hivi sasa tukiambiwa mtu fulani [ma’ke masiha wa kitanzania huwa maarufu kuliko vyama vyao] akiingia madarakani ndio mwisho wa matatizo nasi tukubali tu bila kuhoji? Tena masiha wenyewe ni wa ‘kutengenezwa’ (‘artificial’): kupanda kwake kunategemea umoja katika mtandao uliomuunda, mtandao unaoanzia katika chama chake na kujieneza katika vyombo vyenye ushawishi katika jamii kama asasi zisizo za kiserikali, vyombo vya habari, vyuo vikuu, na hata madhehebu ya dini. Mtandao ukifarakana ndio mwisho wa umasiha! Tumeyashuhudia hayo walau katika vyama viwili. 

Sina hakika kama ‘masiha wa Mwl. Lwaitama’ atafika 2015 akiwa na umaarufu aliokuwa nao 2010. Historia ya vyama vingi Tanzania inatuonyesha kuwa umaarufu wa masiha ni katika uchaguzi mmoja tu. 

Dastan, nadhani hiki ndicho unachokihitaji: Sharti ‘tumvue nguo’ huyo masiha na kuonyesha ngozi yake halisi. Je, na sisi wanazuoni tutakuwa kama timazi [‘pendulum’] tukipanda na kushuka na masiha? Yaani, masiha akiwa mashuhuri nasi tunapanda nae na kumnadi, akishuka nasi tunashuka nae, akijisikia kuhama chama nasi tuhame nae, akifa kisiasa nasi tufe nae; kisha akiibuka mwingine nasi tuibuke nae? Halafu muda wote huo tukiwalisha matumaini wanyonge kuwa ‘huyu ndiye atakayewafikisha katika nchi ya ahadi’?

Mwandishi: Sabatho Nyamsenda

Sunday, July 22, 2012

NA HAYA YA JKT TUTAYARUDISHA PIA?

"Afande Chacha alimsogelea [Sifuni], na sasa alikuwa akisema kwa sauti ya chini, "Sasa hizi taabu ulizozipata siku zote hizi za nini. Mimi nilikwambia siku nyingi kwamba ningeongea na Afande Kongoro awe anakupa kazi rahisi, lakini wewe umeendelea kuringa. Unaona sasa?" Baada ya kutopata jibu, aliendelea, "Nafasi yako ya mwisho, sivyo nitahakikisha kwamba unapohama wiki ijayo utapelekwa Kambi la Nachingwea kwenye nyoka wengi ukafe huko! Unasikia?" Sasa alikuwa amemsogelea, akijaribu kumshika, lakini kabla hajafanya hivyo, yule msichana alipiga ukelele mkali uliopasua anga na kusikika mbali...Pale ndani kulikuwa na mayai yamevunjika, matrei yametawanyika kama vile yametupwa. Afande Chacha alikuwa amesimama, kamnyooshea kidole cha kumkemea Sifuni, huku akiwa amejawa na hasira. "Unaona hasara unayolitia taifa hili? Unaona?" alipayuka kwa nguvu. Kisha aliwageukia maafande wenzake waliokuwa wamefika na kusema kwa sauti ya hasira, "Nimemkuta huyu msichana hapa akimeza mayai kama kenge! Nilipoingia alitaka kukimbia, badala yake akaangusha matrei ya mayai!" "Mwongo! Mwongo huyu!" yule msichana alipiga kelele huku akilia kwa nguvu. "Alitaka kuni..." (Chachage Seithy L. Chachage, Makuwadi wa Soko Huria, ukurasa wa 74 - 75)

"Nilikuwa mhudumu Officer’s Mess, mpishi na msafishaji. Huyo jamaa alikuwa ni mgeni kutoka Makao Makuu ya JKT Dar es Salaam. Kwa kweli sikutaka kufanya kazi pale Mess lakini tulichaguliwa special na Matron, mimi kwa vile niijua kupika vyakula mbalimbali hasa za kizungu. Lakini uzuri wa hiyo kazi ni kuwa uanambulia mabaki ya vyakula (leftovers), na mara nyingine kulikuwa hakuna. Basi huyo Afande alikaa kambini wiki kadhaa. Katika kumhudumia tukawa tunaongea na mimi nikawa namheshimu kama kaka vile. Wala sikusikia mapenzi yoyote kwake. Basi jioni fulani, kanialika chumbani kwake kunywa soda na biskuti na kwa Maongezi zaidi. Sasa kama ulienda jeshi unajua njaa kali unayokuwa nayo. Nikaenda, kanikaribisha vizuri, nilipewa soda na tukawa tunaongea. Basi nikaona mwenzangu anabadilika ghafla! Mara ananikumbatia kwa nguvu, na kunibusu na mengine. Nikajaribu kuaga lakini jamaa hakuniachia. Baada ya ku-plead naye aniachie, kaniachia. Kaomba msamaha na kaniomba niendelee kukaa nimalize hizo soda alizoninulia. Kama mjinga nikamwamini, nikakaa nakunywa hizo soda. Tukaendelea na Maongezi, kukaa kidogo huyo kanirukia, najaribu kusimama huyo, kanivuta na kuniangusha kitandani! Mimi saa hizo nikawa naogopa kabisa nia yake!Kaniambia eti, “ukipiga makelele najua nitasema nini! Nyamaza! Huna sababu ya kunikatalia!” LOH! Kanizaba kibao! Nikamwuliza kwa nini anaifanyia hivyo, na mimi nilikuwa namwona kama kaka yangu!Hapo sasa ikaniingia. Nabakwa! Loh!" Nilimpiga mangumi na mateke lakini..." (Chemi Che-Mponda,  http://swahilitime.blogspot.com/2011/08/marudio-miaka-baada-ya-tukio-kaniomba.html )

Wednesday, July 18, 2012

A BIRTHDAY WISH OF A LIFETIME

"During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people. I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die" - Nelson Mandela, 20 April 1964

"We enter into a covenant that we shall build the society in which all South Africans, both black and white, will be able to walk tall, without any fear in their hearts, assured of their inalienable right to human dignity - a rainbow nation at peace with itself and the world...Never, never and never again shall it be that this beautiful land will again experience the oppression of one by another and suffer the indignity of being the skunk of the world." - Nelson Mandela, 10 May 1994

HAPPY 94TH BIRTHDAY MANDELA!

Tuesday, July 10, 2012

PROFILING TANZANIA'S SCHOLARS IN THE DIASPORA - 12

Full Name:

LWAITAMA ON CCM, CHADEMA & ULIMBOKA


CCM’s Chadema Spin on Doctors’ Strike and Ulimboka’s Torture

By
Dr. Azaveli Feza Lwaitama
(Retired)Senior Lecturer
Philosophy Program
University of Dar es Salaam

For two weeks now one has greeted by the sad spectacle of news of one of the most abominable human rights violations to have ever taken place in the entire history of Tanzania. This is the abduction and horrible torture of the leader of the current doctors’ strike, Dr. Ulimboka Stephen.  The plucking of Dr. Ulimboka’s teeth and finger nails without applying anaesthesia and the alleged smashing of his private parts is particularly horrendous.

Dr. Ulimboka told fellow doctors when he briefly gained a measure of full consciousness at the Muhimbili Orthopaedics Institute (MOI), several hours after the terrible night-long ordeal. Dr. Ulimboka has claimed that the heavily armed people who abducted and inhumanely tortured him and left him for dead in the Pande forest in Mabwepande village, on the outskirts of the Dar es Salaam Region, kept asking him to agree to corroborate the allegation that the doctors’ strike was a political scheme instigated by Chadema.

It is in this case curious that there have been reports emanating from the current session of the Tanzania Parliament to the effect that Parliamentarians hailing from the ruling party CCM have been arguing that the doctors’ strike is a result of evil machinations by the main opposition party Chadema.  The CCM Parliamentarians who have been pushing this Chadema spin on the reasons for the devastating doctors’ strike happen to be, among others, the National Treasurer of CCM and a member of its Central Committee and a Regional Commissioner who is a recent appointee of the incumbent CCM Presidency.  

The CCM Parliamentarians claim that the doctors’ strike has not arisen because doctors have genuine employment related grievances but that rather the strike has been instigated by the main opposition party Chadema bent on making the country ungovernable.  Even Prime Minister, in answering a question in Parliament fielded by another CCM Parliamentarian, agreed that the government has “heard” about the allegation that the doctors’ strike may have been a result of political scheming. The Prime Minister, however, was circumspect, telling Parliament that the government has directed relevant government investigative organs to look into the matter and report back on the validity of the allegations.

It is not clear whether indeed the government investigative organs have already reported back to the government on whether there existed empirical evidence to support a Chadema role in the staging of the doctors’ strike. It is in this case not inconceivable that the abduction and torture of Dr. Ulimboka may have been part of efforts by individuals in the government investigative organs who may have been overzealous in wanting to establish such empirical evidence to support a Chadema spin on the doctors’ strike. These are the individuals in the government investigative organs, who may  happen to be covert CCM enthusiasts, may perhaps be the “sources” who have been supplying bits of leaks to CCM Parliamentarians who are making these curious outbursts in Parliament meant to sustain a Chadema spin on the doctors’ strike.
  
It is to the credit of the spin doctors who assisted President Jakaya Kikwete  in putting together his traditional end of the month speech  for June released last Sunday night  that  that Presidential speech  stayed clear of any reference to the Chadema spin on the reasons for what is deemed by government, as well as overzealously partisan CCM Parliamentarians like Honourable Mwigulu Nchemba and Honourable Stella Manyanya, as the doctors’ continued refusal to accept government terms in the negotiations with the doctors right up to when they decided to stage the strike.

Listening to the President’s speech one was given to feel that the public was being encouraged to believe that the doctors were for some unknown reason not being appreciative of what the government has so far been able to do in improving the lot of the doctors and matters in general in the health sector.  The situation is thus confusing. Since Dr. Ulimboka is said to have mentioned names of senior police officials who he alleged to have participated in his torture, it would be wise if President Kikwete, who is the CCM national Chairman, instituted an independent inquiry in to the abduction and torture of Dr. Ulimboka.  Such an inquiry is urgent especially considering that CCM Parliamentarians have sought to offer a Chadema spin on the reasons for the doctors’ strike. The public needs to be reassured that the incumbent CCM-led government does not tolerate the existence in the government investigative machinery rogue elements whose attitude towards their professional intelligence gathering work does not rule out use of torture and the committing of crimes against humanity in the name of preserving public order.  The inquiry could only be seen as independent if it is at least led by an independent minded retired judge. 
---
* THE CITIZEN COULD NOT PUBLISH THIS ARTICLE AS PART OF THE CRITICAL THINKING COLUMN DUE TO REASONS THAT THE AUTHOR HAS PROMISED NOT TO DISCLOSE TO THE PUBLIC, IT IS POSTED HERE FOR WIDER CIRCULATION.

Friday, July 6, 2012

PROFILING TANZANIA'S SCHOLARS IN THE DIASPORA - 11

Full Name:

PROFILING TANZANIA'S SCHOLARS IN THE DIASPORA - 10


Full Name:

Selected Text:
Tanzania and the liberation struggle in southern Africa, 1958--1975

Linked Profile:

MISEMO YA KISWAHILI NA MALEZI YA MTOTO

Thursday, July 5, 2012

FILAMU YA CHUNGU KUPAKULIWA JIKONI ZIFF 2012

My good people

Filamu yangu ya pili katika mfululizo wa utengenezaji filamu huru, inayoitwa CHUNGU imeingia katika Tamasha la Filamu la Nchi za Majahazi ZIFF 2012. Filamu ya CHUNGU itaoneshwa kwa mara ya kwanza (World Premiere) katika ukumbi wa Ngome Kongwe, Zanzibar siku ya Jumamosi tarehe 14.07.2012.

Punde itapatikana katika DVD, online www.wabona.com na kwenye ving’amuzi
My sincere thanks to the members of the crew and all actors

vicensia

In Whose Interest? Photos and Texts on Biofuel!


PROFILING TANZANIA'S SCHOLARS IN THE DIASPORA - 9

Full Name:

Selected Text:
Rationale, study design and sample characteristics of a randomized controlled trial of directly administered antiretroviral therapy for HIV-infected prisoners transitioning to the community — A potential conduit to improved HIV treatment outcomes

Linked Profiles:

PROFILING TANZANIA'S SCHOLARS IN THE DIASPORA - 8

Full Name:

Selected Text:
Trapping and spectroscopic characterization of an FeIII-superoxo intermediate from a nonheme mononuclear iron-containing enzyme

Linked Profiles:

Wednesday, July 4, 2012

mabadiliko huanza nawe/change begins with you

 KABLA/BEFORE
BAADA/AFTER

"Napenda kuwashukuru sana wana Mlimani Primary School alumni waliochangia kwa hali na mali siku yetu ya 'Giving Back to Mlimani Day'. Shukurani kwa walio changia fedha taslimu, vifaa vya ujenzi na hasahasa waliojumuika nasi kuchangia nguvu kazi. Tumeweza kusakafia madarasa 4, kupaka rangi madarasa 6 na kuweka chipping mkondo mzima. Shukurani kwa Mwalimu Mkuu na walimu wenzake kwa ukarimu wao, Liquid Lab kwa nyama choma na cocktails za nguvu na DJ kwa kutuburudisha na old school" - Tahir Haroub Othman

"Change begins with you!! Thanks to my fellow Mlimani Primary School Alumni, hard work, great bbq, killer cocktails and great music. Pamoja we def. can, brick by brick!" - Brick By Brick, Book By Book

Karibu kwenye ulingo wa kutafakari kuhusu tunapotoka,tulipo,tuendako na namna ambavyo tutafika huko tuendako/Welcome to a platform for reflecting on where we are coming from, where we are, where we are going and how we will get there

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