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Friday, December 31, 2010

Africans Teaching at US Colleges & Universities

Thursday, December 30, 2010

Accessible Biofuel Literature in and on Tanzania

Sulle, Emmanuel & Nelson, Fred (2009) Biofuels, Land Access and Rural Livelihoods in Tanzania . London , UK : IIED.
http://www.iied.org/pubs/pdfs/12560IIED.pdf

Molony, Thomas & Smith, James (2010). Biofuels, food security, and Africa. African Affairs 109 (436): 489 - 498.
http://afraf.oxfordjournals.org/content/109/436/489.extract

LARRRI & JOLIT (2008) Bio-fuel Development in Africa: Opportunities, Threats and Challenges for Rural Small-Holders in Tanzania.
http://tatedo.org/cms/images/researchdocs/land-biofuel.pdf

ActionAid (2009). Implication of Biofuels Production on Food Security in Tanzania: Research Report
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Wanazuoni/message/8093

Kamanga, Khoti C. (2008). The Agrofuel Industry in Tanzania. A Critical Enquiry into Challenges and Opportunies
http://www.coet.udsm.ac.tz/biofuel%20documents/July08%20-%20(Oxfam)%20BIOFUELS.doc

Von Braun, Joachim and Meinzen-Dick, Ruth (2009). “Land Grabbing” by Foreign Investors in Developing Countries: Risks and Opportunities. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) Policy 13 • April 2009
http://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/bp013all.pdf

Taylor, Michael & Bending, Tim (2009). Increasing Commercial Pressure on Land: Building a Coordinated Response. International Land Coalition (ILC) Discussion Paper.
http://www.landcoalition.org/cpl-blog/wp-content/uploads/09_07_cpl_discussionpaper.pdf

Land Equity Movement in Uganda , LEMU (2009). Let’s face Up to Land Grab: (1) How does Land Grabbing Happen?
http://www.land-in-uganda.org/assets/LEMU-Lets-face-up-to-Land-Grabbing-2009.pdf

Food and Agriculture Organisations of the United Nations, FAO (2010). Bioenergy and Food Security: The BESF Analysis for Tanzania – Edited by: Irini Maltsoglou and Yasmeen Khwaja.
www.fao.org/docrep/012/i1544e/i1544e.pdf

Food and Agriculture Organisations of the United Nations (FAO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) & International Institute for Environment and Development, IIED (2009). Land Grab or Development Opportunity ? Agricultural Investment and International Land Deals in Africa .
ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/011/ak241e/ak241e.pdf

Gordon-Maclean, Andrew , Laizer, James, Harrison . Paul & Shemdoe, Riziki (2008). Biofuel Industry Study , Tanzania : An Assessment of the Current Situation. A Report by Andrew Gordon-Maclean, James Laizer, Paul Harrison for the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
http://files.theecologist.org/resources/E-INFO-WWF-TPO_Biofuel_Industry_Study_Tanzania.pdf

Shemdoe, Riziki S. & Mwanyoka, Iddi R. (2010). Potentials of Biofuel Production in Wealth Creation for Poverty Alleviation in Rural Tanzania : A Baseline Study. Final Draft Report Submitted to Research on Poverty Alleviation (REPOA).

Kweka, Opportuna (2010). Biofuel Investment in Tanzania: Lack of Participation, Unawareness and Increase Poverty in Local Communities. Progress Report Submitted to Research on Poverty Alleviation (REPOA).

Chachage, Chambi & Baha, Bernard (2010). Accumulation by Land Dispossession and Labour Devaluation: The Case of of Biofuel and Forestry Investments in Kilwa and Kilolo. Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania: Land Rights Research and Resources Institute (LARRRI/HAKIARDHI).
Request: http://www.hakiardhi.org/

Songela, Francis & Mclean, Andrew (2008). Scoping Exercise (Situation Analysis) on the Biofuel Industry Within and Outside Tanzania . Energy for Sustainable Report for the WWF Tanzania Programme Office.
http://www.wwf.se/source.php/1203701/WWF_Tanzania_Scoping_Report_Biofuels.pdf

BioShape Tanzania Limited
http://bioshape.phpwebhosting.com/

Tanzania Investment Centre (TIC)
http://www.tic.co.tz/

Jimwaga, Albert (2009). Biofuels: A Catastrophe for Poor Farmers in Tanzania . ActionAid Blog (19 March 2010): Jambo Tanzania – Conversations from ActionAid International Tanzania .
http://blogs.actionaid.org.au/tanzania/2010/03/19/biofuels-a-catastrophe-for-poor-farmers-in-tanzania/

Lugungulo, Amri (2009). Villagers Feel Betrayed as Investors Rush to Buy Land . (Daily News 26 December 2009.
http://www.dailynews.co.tz/home/?n=6333

Ngotezi, Alfred (2008). Halt Biofuel Projects to Keep the Desert Away. The Citizen (27 September 2008.

Sharife, Khadija (2009). Land grabs: Africa 's new ‘resource curse’? Pambazuka News (26 November 2009).
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/60526

Shivji, Issa G. (2007). Agro-fuel will only Succeed to Fuel Famines. The Citizen (15 December 2007).
Request: issashivji@cats-net.com

Chachage, Chambi (2010). Land Acquisition and Accumulation in Tanzania: The Case of Morogoro, Iringa and Pwani Regions.Morogoro, Tanzania: Participatory Ecological Land Use Management (PELUM) Tanzania.
Request: http://www.pelumtanzania.org/dummy/
Dagens Nyheter/Dagens, Nyheter (2009). Swedish Aid to Save Environmentally Harmful Ethanol Project.
http://www.lars.intanzania.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/swedish-aid-for-environ-harmful-ethanol-project-dn-14-april-20091.pdf

HabariLeo/Faraja Mgwabati (28 March 2009). Mtikisiko wa uchumi duniani waiathiri Tanzania.
http://www.habarileo.co.tz/kitaifa/?n=164


Tanzania Affairs (1 May 2009). Economic Crunch Begins to Hit.
http://www.tzaffairs.org/2009/05/economic-crunch-begins-to-hit/

The East African (17 March 2009) Swedish firm shelves $300 million investment in Tanzania.
http://checkbiotech.org/node/25115

SEKAB BioEnergy Tanzania (2008) Environmental and Social Impact Statement of the Proposed BioEthanol Production on the former Razaba Ranch, Bagamoyo District, Tanzania: Final Report Submitted to: National Environment Management Council
http://www.sekab.com/Sve2/Informationssidor/Information%20PDF/05%20ESIA%20Main%20Report%20FINAL-%20A4%20Printed%20Version.pdf

Watson, Hellen (2009). Good Practice Assessment for Bioenergy Projects – Case Study: Bagamoyo (SEKAB BioEnergy), Tanzania.
http://www.compete-bioafrica.net/bestpractice/COMPETE-032448-GoodPractice-CaseStudy4-Bagamoyo.pdf

Widengård, Marie (2009) Aspects of SEKAB’s Plans for Large Scale Biofuel Production in Tanzania: Seminar Notes (May 252009)
http://www.nai.uu.se/livelihood/Notes-from-rufiji-seminar-090520.pdf

Brazil, Tanzania in Biofuel Deal
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JWwYznNfRfo

UJUMBE MPAKANI/BORDER MESSAGE

Kobero: Mpaka wa Burundi na Tanzania/ Burundi-Tanzania Border


'Usasa' au 'Uzamani'/'Modernity' or 'Tradition'?

Sehemu Fulani katika Chuo Kikuu Fulani/Somewhere in a Certain University

Wednesday, December 29, 2010

In Times Like These A Country Needs a New Constitution Based on a National Consensus!

"A constitution is not simply a legal, technical document. It is primarily a political document. For it to have political legitimacy and deserve the obedience and loyalty of both the rulers and the ruled, it must embody the national consensus at the particular time...Constitutions which do not embody a national consensus do not command political legitimacy. They are more or less imposed and no one cares about them - neither the rulers nor the ruled" - A Constitution Lawyer on 'Let the People Speak: Tanzania Down the Road to Neo-Liberalism'

Tuesday, December 28, 2010

Zanzibar: Women Slighted/Wanawake Wabezwa!

Women Slighted by Zanzibar ’s Government of National Unity

A few weeks after the historic Government of National Unity has taken over it is becoming extremely clear that women have no place in the construction of a new Zanzibar.

President Ali Mohammed Shein has only appointed 2 women ministers, both new comers to his government; 3 deputy Ministers and 2 Principal Secretaries to serve in the Government of National Unity. None of the women hold a substantial position in the government.

More troubling for gender activists in the isles is the government’s decision to take over the ministry that was formerly known as the Ministry for Labour, Youth, Women and Children’s Development now the Ministry for Social Welfare, Women and Children’s Affairs and to give the same to the Ministry responsible for Labour and Manpower Development.

“The premises were originally acquired for building a women’s resource centre”, says a male civil servant angered over the government action. “It is unjust to move the women and not the newcomers. The Department for Labour only had a small premise on the grounds housing the other Departments of Youth, Women and Children Affairs”.

Members of the civil society are equally saddened by the move. They translate it as an outcome of the flawed electoral process which saw experienced and assertive women candidates overlooked. “The problem is that the Minister in the Ministry for Women is new not just in government but in politics generally while she has to contend with the political machinations of people who have been in the system for a while”.

Most in the civil society think that women have been the unfortunate victims of the continuing tussle for power in the Government of National Unity not just between the ruling party, i.e CCM, and the Civic United Front (CUF) but within the ruling party itself.

The Chairperson of the Zanzibar Gender Coalition, Ms. Asha Aboud asserts, “We understand that the government is trying to establish itself. What we women don’t understand or accept is why our ministry was compromised considering its role in Zanzibar ’s social landscape”.

Women in Zanzibar want some serious explanation from the Government of National Unity. This will be the second time the actions of the Government of National Unity has come under criticism. Just recently the Zanzibar Law Society criticized the government for failing to respect the constitutional provisions in the appointment of High Court Judges.

Wanawake Wabezwa katika Serikali ya Umoja wa Kitaifa Zanzibar

Wiki chache baada ya kuundwa kwa Serikali ya Umoja wa Kitaifa Zanzibar, kuna dalili za kuashiria kuwa wanawake hawajapewa nafasi katika kazi kubwa ya kuijenga Zanzibar mpya.

Raisi Ali Mohammed Shein mpaka sasa ameteua wanawake wawili tu katika nyadhifa za waziri, 3 katika nafasi ya naibu waziri na 2 wanashika nyadhifa kama makatibu wakuu.

Linalowakera zaidi wanaharakati wa jinsia ni agizo la serikali la kuitaka wizara inayohusika na masuala ya wanawake na watoto kuhama katika makao makuu yao hapo mwanakwerekwe na kuipisha wizara mpya inayohusika na masuala ya kazi. Hapo awali Wizara ya Kazi ilikuwa ni Idara mojawapo ya wizara iliyokuwa ikishughulikia na masuala ya vijana, wanawake na watoto.

“Makazi ya wizara yalikusudiwa kujengwa kituo cha habari na taarifa yaani women’s resource centre hapo mwanzo”, anasema muajiriwa mmoja wa serikali aliyekerwa na hatua ya serikali kuzihamisha Idara za Wanawake na Watoto. “Si haki kuwahamisha wanawake. Kwa nini Wizara ya Kazi isitafutiwe sehemu nyingine?” Idara ya Kazi ilikuwa na eneo dogo katika wizara iliyokuwa ya Kazi, Maendeleo ya Vijana, Wanawake na Watoto.

Jumuiya za kiraia nao hawakupendezwa na hatua hii ya serikali. Wanaitafsiri hatua hii kama ni mojawapo ya athari zinazotokana na mfumo mbaya wa uchaguzi uliopelekea wanawake wenye uzoefu na wanaojiamini kuachwa na badala yake kuchaguliwa wanawake chipukizi wasio na uzoefu mkubwa katika siasa.

“Suala si tu kwamba waziri wa sasa wa wanawake ni mpya katika serikali na nyanja ya siasa lakini kuwa kwa mazingira yaliyopo inambidi akumbane na wenyeji serikalini na siasa zao!”

Wengi katika jumuiya za kirai wanaamini kuwa wanawake wametolewa kafara katika mvutano unaoendelea wa madaraka si tu kati ya Chama Tawala yaani CCM na Chama cha Wananchi(CUF) lakini miongoni mwa kambi ndani ya Chama Tawala.

Mwenyekiti wa Muungano wa Asasi zinazoshughulikia Masuala ya Kijinsia Bi. Asha Aboud anasema, “Tunaelewa kuwa serikali imo katika hatua za kujipanga ili ianze utekelezaji. Tusichokifahamu na kutokikubali sisi kama wanawake na wanajinsia ni kwa nini wizara yetu, wizara ambayo inatoa mchango mkubwa katika kushughulikia masuala ya kijamii ndiyo itolewe nje?”

Bila ya shaka Serikali ya Umoja wa Kitaifa inapaswa kuwajibu wanawake wa Zanzibar kwa hatua yao hiyo.

Hii ni mara ya pili hatua ya Serikali ya Umoja wa Kitaifa inakosolewa na asasi za kiraia. Hapo awali Jumuiya ya Wanasheria Zanzibar walipinga vikali uteuzi wa majaji wa Mahakama Kuu kwa kutofuata taratibu za Kikatiba.

Source/Chanzo: Zanzibar

LET CHILDREN READ - MAKE THEM STUDY!


Monday, December 13, 2010

Kifo Hakina Huruma: Remmy Ongala (1947-2010)

Mwanamuziki mashuhuri, Dkt Remmy Ongala, ametutoka kimwili jana usiku. Atakumbukwa kwa nyimbo zake zenye ujumbe muhimu kuhusu maisha haya mafupi ya mwanadamu. Vibao hivyo ni pamoja na 'Kifo'; 'Kipenda Roho'; 'Mtaka Yote'; na 'Mama Nalia'. Baada ya kubatizwa na Kanisa la Waadventista Wasabato aliimba nyimbo za Injili vile vile.

"kifo, kifo
siku yangu ikifika eeh
kifo niarifu mapema
niage wanangu
niage familia yangu yote
pesa zangu nizigawanye
zimebaki nizile mwenyewe
kifo nakusubiri kwa hamu
"

- Dkt Remmy Ongala

Sunday, December 12, 2010

Twittering Tanzania's Trans(in)formation!

At last Udadisi Blogger can no longer resist the whilwind of Information, Communication and Technological (ICT) change that is blowing all over Africa through Tweets. Hence Mdadisi Blogger is now twittering at http://twitter.com/#!/chambi100/ with a particular focus on Tanzania's Transformation through Access to Information (ATI) and Freedom of Information (FOI). Twitter is indeed what it says it is - "The best way to discover what’s new in your world"!

Friday, December 10, 2010

Whither Successive-cum-Cyclic Rise and Fall of Africa, Euro-America & Asia in the Global Stage?

Two recent articles have attempted to look again at this old question on power succession and domination in the global stage. The first one is using the Tordesillas moment to argue that the current superpower, i.e. the US, is being overtaken by China and India just like the way it overtook Russia/USSR and other European countries. Then the other one picks a baton from Jared Diamond to assert that geographical shifts explains why the West, that is, the North or Euro-America, is ruling the world but only for now. This debate is relevant to Africans in the current context when, after 50 years or so of Africa's independence, we are still wondering when shall we rise again - or to use Psalm's language, when shall we soon stretch out our hands? One leading African(ist) scholar has recently posed the following question which can help us look at the Long Duree and figure out our rise/fall: "Or was the Eurocolonial century just a short chapter in millennia of African history?" If indeed Euro-American capitalism - and its triplets: slavery, colonialism and imperialism - is only a short bracket in the history of human civilization, as Samir Amin asserted early this year, then surely in the long run there must be another historical cycle such as the one that saw the rise of great African civilizations. We have been told by champions of African Renaissance that Africa's time has come - the current century/millenium. What are the (cyclic) odds of this eventuality in relation to the current global configuration that seems to be shifting back to China and India again as it was way back in the heyday of Dhow Cultures of the Indian Ocean?

Thursday, December 9, 2010

Mahmood Mamdani on Imagining Different Futures

"...We were the first generation of post-independence African intellectuals. We thought in historical terms. We knew that history was moving, more or less like a train, heading to a known destination, and none of us had any doubt that we were on that train. We were certain that the future would be better than the past, much better. If there would be violence, it would be revolutionary, the violence of the poor against the rich, the oppressor against the oppressed. Good revolutionary violence would do away with bad counter-revolutionary violence...Two decades later, we found ourselves in a world for which we were least prepared. Not only was it a world drenched in blood,but the battle lines were hardly inspiring. There was little revolutionary about the violence around us: instead of the poor rising up against the rich, we could see poor pitted against poor, and rich against rich. This was hardly the final struggle promised in the International – la lutte finale – beyond which would lie the rosy dawn of socialism. It seemed more like the fires of hell....Thus, my message to you: today, more than ever, we need the capacity to imagine different futures. In 1973, in Dar and in Addis, we thought of ourselves as being in transition to an already known destination, first it was a transition to socialism; after the fall of Soviet Union, the convention was to think of a transition to democracy; after 9/11, it became a transition to modernity. Common to all three was the conviction that the journey had a fixed destination. It was a road map with a predestined goal. Our role was only to exert effort, for the train was already on course... Experience has taught us that there is no given destination. The destination is negotiable. If I am right, you will need the courage and the creativity to imagine the destination and the skill and tenacity to forge a political consensus around that imagination. Keep in mind that the journey you will embark on has no fixed destination. Where you go will depend on you and those around you. The better you understand the nature of forces defining your choices, the more you will be able to gather in your own hands possibilities of forging the future..." - Mahmood Mamdani upon being confered Doctor of Letters honoris causa at Addis Ababa University
CONTINUE READING HIS REMARKS AT:

KAMA SHIDA NI UHURU, TUSHAPATA 09/12/1961!

Lipi likusumbualo, kalamu kuirukia
Au umekosa mlo, sasa umechukia
Lipi hasa ulonalo, unalolisumbukia
Kama shida ni uhuru, tushapata 61

Amani tulonayo, ni tunu ilotufikia
Usitake mapambano, shimoni tatumbukia
Sijeichokoza leo, kesho hutoifikia
Kama shida ni uhuru, tushapata 61

Jaribu kujipa moyo, manani takusikia
Kuwa mtu wa maono, lengo utalifikia
Siwachukie vigogo, nchi wameitumikia
Kama shida ni uhuru,tushaupata 61

Siwatafute wanono, waweza kukuchukia
Mwisho wakakutoa roho, bure kwa kujitakia
Ogopa sana vigogo, chini watakufukia
Kama shida ni uhuru, tushaupata 61

Wale uwapiganiao, kesho watakukimbia
Hawatoshiriki mgomo, wala kukuimbia
Tena watakaa kando, huku wakijitambia
Kama shida ni uhuru, tushaupata 61

We kula ugali wako, ukishiba tajitapikia
Achana na nia yako, wengine kuhangaikia
We jali maisha yako, wenye shida wajitakia
Kama shida ni uhuru, tushaupata 61

Chukua hatua zako, uone utapoangukia
Usitafute maneno, balaa likakufikia
Mwombe sana Mola wako, 'mana' takushukia
Kama shida ni uhuru, tushaupata 61

Kama hawapendi jambo, hawawezistahimilia
Madhari wanapata tango, shida wanavumilia
Siku wakikabwa shingo, mabosi watasimulia
Kama shida ni uhuru, tushaupata 61

Shida zikiwakaba koo, watajua pa kukimbilia
Tena watafanya soo, mabosi watajililia
Patakuwa ni padogo, mawe yatasimulia
Kama shida ni 61, uhuru tushaupata?

© Ayub. R.

Event: Support Sickle-Cell Foundation of Tanzania


Tuesday, December 7, 2010

UHURU DAY IN MWANZA - 9 DECEMBER 2010

Waiting for Power: Citizens’ Plight during Energy Crises - As it was in 2008 and 2009 so it is in 2010!

It has become so predictable. This thing we call ‘power rationing.’ We had it in 2006, 2007 and 2008. It is here in 2009. If the yearly trend continues then we shall surely experience it in 2010.

If we have forgotten the past then we only have to glance at the dates of the following front page news stories from The Citizen to get a glimpse of how this power rationing is such a vicious cycle: “‘Tanzania 2006: Power’ Crisis dominated headlines” (29 December 2006); “Another power crisis as Songas turbines collapse” (25 September 2008); “Power Crisis: Tough times ahead – No solution in sight as sabotage suggestions angers Tanesco boss” (13 October 2009).

For some strange reasons the major power crises tend to emerge toward the end of the year. Some claim it is because of delayed rains. The moment you blame it on ‘Mother Nature’ you let humans off the hook. But isn’t being human all about taming nature? And, as experts of climate change insists, aren’t we the ones who affect those rain seasons with environmental degradation?

From what has been going on there is no way we can claim human agency is not behind this power tragedy. When we survey more cover stories from The Citizen this is what we get as evidence of why this is a man-made problem that needs humans to take responsibility: “Business want power shedding compensation” (19 March 2007); “Tanesco ordered to pay Sh190.8m to paper mill” (12 September 2007); “Emergency power supply contract that never was” (19 March 2008”; “Rationing ends as power supply normalises” (The Citizen 20 September 2008).

Humans, as a restaurant owner plighted with power cuts told me the other day, never get used to problems. We are not used to the power rationing problem. At the individual level we might have devised coping mechanism to partially deal with it but that does not mean we are really used to it. Every time we experience power cuts we suffer and complain. We also try to offer solutions.

When such a crisis occurred, or rather made to occur, in October, 2006 a concerned citizen wrote an open letter to President Jakaya Kikwete. He told him how the crisis was affecting his attempt at self-employment. His hope was that such a leader who was/is committed to creating a million jobs for (young) Tanzanians will take note of how the power crisis was/is a setback to that goal.

Three years down the line self-employees are still bearing the brunt of the on and off blackouts. For instance, in the beginning of the year the parliamentary committee responsible for public investments’ accounts found out that a salon could incur a cost of up to an additional Tsh. 60,000 per day during rationing. According its chair, Zitto Kabwe, in his press statement on the current crisis, the rationing curtails the capital of small-scale entrepreneurs and thus impoverishes them.

Companies also suffer: “Power woes: Cement Firm incurs over Sh2bn loss” (2 February 2007). The national economy as whole has been suffering: “Revealed: Power crisis to cost nation Sh815 billion” (30 November 2006); “Power disconnection cost Govt, firm Sh 540m a day” (22 November 2007). Even Tanesco is losing out - ‘Tsh 2 million or so per day’ says POAC’s chair!

Over the years, however, we have been coming up with ‘Band-Aid’ solutions. We can also see this reflected in The Citizen’s cover stories: “New power tariff soon” (29 December 2006); “40 percent power rise will kill industries” (23 September 2007); “Consumer body says Tanesco’s new connections charges are illegal” (19 November 2007); “Govt is rattled as MPs reject Power Bill again” (20 March 2008); “Power sector for partial liberalisation” (19 April 2008).

A survey of The Citizen’s headlines on the IPTL, Richmond and Dowans solutions is also self-revealing: “Richmond says power equipment ‘in flight’” (21 October 2006); “Tanesco: Dowans yet to commission 20MW” (19 January 2007); “Dowans: Dr. Rashid throws in the towel” (7 March 2008); “Ex-Richmond power deal may be extended to 2012”; “Tanesco now halts Dowans contract” (1 July 2008); “Court blocks sale of Dowans plant” (20 December 2008); “Switch on Dowans, IPTL now, businesses tell govt (21 October 2009).

As I am writing this article the power cuts seems to have eased. Perhaps this is because of “Kikwete’s order on IPTL” (22 October 2009). This order, depending on how you view it, came in the wake, or as a result, of the businesses’ call and Zitto Kabwe’s statement referred to above. I want to be so happy that the power cuts have been cut regardless of who has done it. But can I?

Politically speaking, is it possible to happily enjoy this power when a permanent solution to the recurring crisis has not yet been found? Economically speaking, is it possible to be happy about it even though it will cost us a lot in the long run? Morally speaking, how can it be possible to enjoy this power when there seems to be a shady cloud around it as the court process indicates?

These are the kinds of questions that make me think that perhaps there is more into the word ‘power’ that we use interchangeably with ‘electricity’. No wonder the veteran journo, Karl Lyimo, thus rhetorically admits: “It seems I’ll never understand this even if I live to know the difference between power, energy and electricity!” Power cuts means we are a powerless people.

In my Physics class I was taught that power is defined as energy over time. I was also taught that the law of conservation of energy states that you can neither create nor destroy energy. What you can only do is transform it from one form to another. And that is indeed what we have been doing since Uhuru: transforming mechanical energy from moving water into electrical energy.

Human agency is what has done this transformation. It is this same agency that has transformed fuel energy from generators to produce electrical energy. Surely the same agency has the power to harness the heat from the sun and force from the winds and turn them into electrical energy.

With all these forms of energy in our country how can we afford to be powerless? Why can’t we have the same kind of belief that inspired Barack Obama to powerfully declare: “We will harness the sun and the winds and the soil to fuel our cars and run our factories”? What is stopping us from being powerful enough to also conclude: “All this we can do. All this we will do”?

Power is about the distribution of resources. Let’s redistribute our energy resources. Yes, we can.

© Chambi Chachage

* Published in The Citizen & in the Gender Platform (2009)

Farewell Message from the Editor of WikiLeaks?

Shindano la Fasihi: Mapambano Dhidi ya Ufisadi

Sunday, December 5, 2010

Tanzanian Studies Association (TSA)

Website:

Facebook:

Group:

Africa's Endowment & Use of Water Resources

Click http://na.unep.net/atlas/africaWater/book.php and go at the end of the webpage to download the free version of the following resource:

This Atlas is a visual account of Africa's endowment and use of water resources, revealed through 224 maps and 104 satellite images as well as some 500 graphics and hundreds of compelling photos. However the Atlas is more than a collection of static maps and images accompanied by informative facts and figures: its visual elements vividly illustrate a succinct narrative describing and analyzing Africa's water issues and exemplifying them through the judicious use of case studies. It gathers information about water in Africa and its role in the economy and development, health, food security, transboundary cooperation, capacity building and environmental change into one comprehensive and accessible volume. UNEP undertook the production of this Atlas at the request of the African Ministers' Council on Water (AMCOW) and in cooperation with the African Union, European Union, US Department of State, United States Geological Survey and other collaborators.

Wednesday, December 1, 2010

An Open Letter to Professor Anna Tibaijuka

Dear Professor Anna Kajumulo Tibaijuka,

Greeting from the slums of Dar es Salaam!

It is with a sigh of relief that I key this public letter. As publicly anticipated, you are now our popular Minister for Lands, Housing and Human Settlement Development. Congratulations!

Now the swearing in is over. Your job has only begun. Luckily enough you have been quoted as saying you “know what to do in the ministry of lands” (The Citizen on Sunday 28/11/2010: 3).

What you need, as you further affirm, is “support from the public and public servants to serve the interests of Tanzanians” (Ibid.) I am sure you know those interests. So it is not in my interest to remind or teach a professor about what Tanzanians need. After all you already know what to do.

Your Curriculum Vitae speaks for itself. There are a lot of public expectations that your work at UN-Habitat will also be scaled up countrywide. Slums will be upgraded, not only in Hananasif. Housing shall be bettered, not only at UDOM. Land would be accessible, not only in Muleba.

Since what you need is support, you already have it at your disposal. What more show of support do you need than the popular-cum-populist call for your appointment? As one political analyst asserts, populism can go both ways. The onus is on you to make sure it goes the positive way.

One way of ensuring this is to stay close to your constituency. By this I don’t mean those who elected, or rather allowed, you to be their Member of Parliament. I strictly mean all those who depend on our main natural resource, namely, land. As you know, most of them are in villages.

But as far as land is concerned things are not so well in our villages. The ongoing global crisis associated with the so-called ‘f’ - financial, fuel and food - crises has sparked a new wave of land grab. What our laws call ‘Village Land’ is being grabbed by foreign and local investors for speculative purposes and biofuel production among other things. We are indeed experiencing the ‘Moral Hazard’ popularized by the new Hollywood movie ‘Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps’.

As you may be aware, your UN colleagues have recently documented this trend in an alarming tone. In their ‘Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food’ made publicly available online, they thus note: “In the United Republic of Tanzania, five years after a major titling effort had begun, pastoralists reported their eviction from multiple common grazing areas and were under threat of losing other grazing lands because those lands had been classified as “unused”.

It is quite ironic that that the very developmental measures – such as land formalization and upgrading of informal settlements – that promises a better life for all Tanzanians are ending up alienating people from their land. As a result, skewed urbanization and urban primacy is bedevilling our beloved country. Why, for instance, should Dar es Salaam end up harbouring a quarter of our population? But, as I said, it is not my intention to tell you what you already know.

All I am asking you is to keep your ally close. You have asked for support. Seize it accordingly.

May your book ‘Building Prosperity: Housing and Economic Development’ become our reality!

Yours Truly,

Dar es Salaam Dweller

PALAVER ON UHURU AND LAUNCH OF CHECHE

Date: 9 December 2010

Time: 9: 30 AM - 3: 30 PM

Venue: Nkrumah Hall - University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM)

Organizer: Mwalimu Nyerere Professorial Chair in Pan-African Studies

Sponsor: University of Dar es Salaam Academic Staff Assembly (UDASA)

BOOK LAUNCH:

CHECHE: REMINISCENCES OF A RADICAL MAGAZINE

Chair: Vice-Chancellor Professor Rwekaza Mukandala

Guest to Launch: Dr. A. Kibogoya, Chair of UDASA

Master of Ceremonies:
Dr. Kitila Mkumbo

Editor & Authors:
Professor Karim Hirji
Honourable Zakia Meghji
Henry Mapolu
George Hadjivayanis
Ambassador Christopher Liundi

Other Speakers:
Review of the Book - Salim Msoma
How I Heard of Cheche and What I Think of It - Chambi Chachage
Personal Reflections on Cheche Times - Professor Rwekaza Mukandala

PALAVER/MBONGI:

Wanambongi:
Mwalimu Bashiru Ally (UDSM)
Jehovaness Zacharia (Tanzania Consumer Advocacy Society)
Redemptus Caesar (Mbezi Beach S/S)
Prisca Urio (Mwalimu Nyerere Academy)
Diana Kamara (UDSM)
Sabatho Nyamsenda (UDSM)

Tuesday, November 30, 2010

A NATION THAT IMPORTS TOOTHPICK

"In a nation that these crooks cannot put 50,000 dollars into a local toothpick factory, it’s funny that a minister is concerned about what name its citizenry calls the nation" - Prince Charles Dickson

It could as well be your nation - read on: A Nation that Imports Toothpick

Sunday, November 28, 2010

Whither Mwalimu Nyerere's Nyumba ya Sanaa!

What is happening to the Nyumba ya Sanaa, also known as Mwalimu Nyerere Cultural Centre, is tragic as the photo above indicates. The quote below on Mwalimu Nyerere's rationale for its establishment makes this demolition much more unbearable! Save Nyumba ya Sanaa - this is it?

"To ensure sustainability of the arts, Nyerere created opportunities for artists to produce and survive on their own. Despite the fact that there was no clear policy, his speeches were mostly translated as policy directives. From his speeches one could sense his ideas, creativity and passion for art. He established Nyumba ya Sanaa (a house for artists) in 1974, positioning it in the middle of Dar es Salaam. He believed that if it could be efficiently utilised, it would reduce the syndrome of artists needing to beg to donors and the state, which enslaves them" - Vicensia Shule on 'Mwalimu Nyerere: The Artist' in 'Africa's Liberation: The Legacy of Nyerere'

Black Africans in Britain: Integration or Segregation Amongst What or Who?

Commentary in response to a thread shared on TzECA yahoo mailing list titiled "Black Africans in Britain: Integration or Segregation":


Integration or Segregation amongst what? Or amongst who?

If the promotion is for so called "whites" and or "blacks" then this question or equation has failed even before it gets any serious consideration, as the equation is completely invalid, incorrect and misleading. Many years ago, this was created and designed to oppress people. The oppressor used various means to ridicule others using features and pride as endowed by the almighty creator, to imply theirs was superior.

This was then but the effects still creep up in modern states via media, social services, normal conversation - in other words it is deep in our thoughts to a point not many even consider it as an original sin that requires mending. They will ask or say - "it does not Botha me" and yet we as people spend more time and energy trying to answer the effects, the outcomes as opposed to deal with the source of all issues, the cause. Historical wrongs and cannot be mended by applying the same original sin.

My call to fellow Africans and people of the world, is to reject all these forms of stealth "politics of pigmentation" irrespective whether they are applied consciously or subconsciously, and refuse being given labels by the so called social scientists, unless they reflect the dignity and respect rightly and correctly deserved.

Personally, I have made a firm decision (and I live by it to the word) that I will not participate in any of the surveys that put people into boxes and make decisions based on what they so perceive to be "widely accepted" for example that one can be reffered as "black" or "white". Widely accepted does and should never qualify to cleanse the original sin.

Ask yourself, who are these people so called "Blacks"? If you agree there is a "Black" person, then there is a "white" person and I am yet to see either one. Even if one had existed, and if you defend the context used, a quick reflection into the original sin of how these were adopted will give answers to your conscious and only you can make that decision - not even the survey gurus who always prompt you with that choice - "Black" something or something "Black"!

I further ask myself, what is the problem you being referred as African or by your nationality? You don't hear or see "White English" in these surveys for example. Either way, as soon as you have the colour coding into the equation, you are buying into the idea conceptualized in the original sin - that there are "white" people who are associated with all things clean and white and there are "black" people who are associated with all things dirt, backward, disaster, sinful - mostly negative. There is no running away from this original sin. Remember that!

Perhaps I can once again share my views on what I have now come to refer as "Politics of Pigmentation" as posted at this blog:

http://udadisi.blogspot.com/2008/07/politics-of-pigmentation.html

In Scotland, in my view, this debate has taken a step up change and issues are getting addressed at the core. At least now the Scotland Census 2011 has a draft that is more likely to have an option which stops completely using the word 'Black'. For me this is a huge step forward. My ideal position is that neither Black nor White is used in these surveys as these have nothing to do with ethnicity and more to do with old power politics and historical wrongs.

I have no doubt whatsoever, that it will be the case of nonexistence of these two words in current context, with our offspring in future generations.

Today, we as people of the current 21st century have an opportunity to enhance and set the precedence and leadership on this important topic. It won't go away as truth never goes until it gets confirmed and reaffirmed. If we agree the connotations are not right, then correcting them is more appropriate than embracing them. Remove the original cause, and create a different cause for different effects.

I am from the school of thought that supports promoting the values as they are, than opting for "positive" or "affirmative" discrimination. Here, to me, it is using the same original sin to correct the wrongs. Instead of having a "labelled" movement, have the "values and behaviours" movement that the proposed or perceived "label" is aiming to promote. This enhances the inclusive positive message and embraces all human races. It helps to deal with the core issues themselves and avoids using the original sin to mend the wrongs brought to bear by the original sin in a first place.

As this thread from the University of Kent has ignited related concerns, I thought I must share my views once again.

I am aware of the good intentions, and it is those intentions that we need to embrace and remove the labelling as this will affirm the positive intentions and removing the link to the original sin.

To the good people and the good intentions, thanks for the efforts in getting us as people, to the ideal position where the people will be much happier and more peaceful with the beauty and marvellous diversified creation of our being and all our various businesses and communities shall prosper with abundance as we embrace the truth in what we say and what we do as people across the board.

Kind regards

Apollo Temu

------------------

On 25 November 2010 04:12, Chambi Chachage <chambi78@yahoo.com> wrote:
_________

Date: Wed, 24 Nov 2010 17:18:55 +0100
From: Jean Grisel
Subject: DIFFUSION PARIS DIDEROT - AFRIQUE
____________

SUPPLEMENT AFRIQUE
DE LA LISTE DE DIFFUSION DE L'UNIVERSITE PARIS DIDEROT - PARIS 7

Black Africans' In Britain: Integration Or Segregation

A new study shows that the ability of "Black Africans"' settling in the UK to integrate with society varies according to their national and ethnic background.

<http://www.esrcsocietytoday.ac.uk/ESRCInfoCentre/PO/releases/2010/november/Black_Africans_in_Britain.aspx>

The study, by Dr Lavinia Mitton and Mr Peter Aspinall of the University of Kent, finds that 'Black Africans' in the UK are a diverse group with a wide range of experience and needs depending on country of birth, religion and native language. Understanding these distinctions between different Black Africans is the first step to providing better support, improving their quality of life and helping integration into society.

There are now 737,000 'Black Africans' in England and Wales (according to an estimate by the Office for National Statistics for 2007) and they are one of the fastest growing ethnic groups. Unlike some other ethnic groups, 'Black Africans' are predominantly migrants. Many encounter significant language difficulties together with financial and other problems when they settle in the UK. The Somalis and Congolese are the most disadvantaged and deprived communities amongst the 'Black African' group.

Using data from several existing social surveys, the study uncovered a number of factors that affect integration:

· Deprivation varies by home language, with pupils from Somali, Lingala and French-speaking homes having the highest levels of eligibility for free schools meals, while Igbo, Yoruba and Shona speakers live in financially better-off households. Moreover, as many as half of Somalis and Congolese live in the most deprived 20 per cent of local areas

· There is a commonly held assumption that 'Black Africans' do not face linguistic barriers but those who originate in countries such as Somalia and the Democratic Republic of Congo do face language difficulties in their education or in getting a job

· Employment, self-employment, unemployment and economic inactivity vary considerably by country of birth. The study found that Black Africans, especially Somalis, are paid less on average than white British people. Black Africans, especially those from southern Africa, are also heavily concentrated in the health and social care professions

· Pupils whose first language is English achieved the most passes at grades A* - C in their GCSEs, with those of Nigerian background achieving close to the national average, whereas pupils whose first language was Somali, French or Portuguese performed worst in education.

Dr Mitton found that Black Nigerians and Black Zimbabweans tend to speak English and fare relatively well, although they do have difficulty securing work at a level that is in line with their qualifications.
The study concludes that Somalis and Congolese need to be targeted with intensive support, including help with language skills, such as interpreting / translation and English for speakers of other languages (ESOL) training, while the government needs to work with employers and trade unions to improve the occupational status of 'Black Africans'.

Commenting on the findings, Dr Mitton said: "The research should inform policy and practice and enable actions that are sensitive to the diverse needs of the Black African community. It will also help public services secure support for a future integration strategy and will be particularly useful to London boroughs, local authorities and Primary Care Trusts in areas with a high proportion of Black Africans."

For further information contact:

· Dr L Mitton (Tel: 01227 824409, email: l.mitton@kent.ac.uk)
ESRC Press Office:
· Danielle Moore (Tel: 01793 413122, email:
danielle.moore@esrc.ac.uk)
· Jeanine Woolley (Tel: 01793 413119, email: ·
jeanine.woolley@esrc.ac.uk)
· Out of office hours number, Tel: 07554 333336

Notes for editors

This release is based on the findings from the report 'Black Africans in Britain: Integration or segregation?' carried out by Dr Lavinia Mitton and Mr Peter Aspinall of the University of Kent.

Methodology: Examination of data from the government Labour Force Survey, and two government surveys which are restricted access - the 2001 Census micro-data (the CAMS) and the National Pupil Database.

The Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) is the UK's largest organisation for funding research on economic and social issues. It supports independent, high quality research which has an impact on business, the public sector and the third sector. The ESRC's total expenditure in 2009/10 was about £211 million. At any one time the ESRC supports over 4,000 researchers and postgraduate students in academic institutions and independent research institutes. More at http://www.esrcsocietytoday.ac.uk/.

The ESRC confirms the quality of its funded research by evaluating research projects through a process of peer review. This research has been graded as good.

Friday, November 26, 2010

Wabunge Vijana: Msimamo Wenu, Maendeleo Yetu

Msimamo Wenu, Maendeleo Yetu

Na Michael Dalali

Ukurasa mpya umeandikwa katika vyombo vya kimaamuzi kwa ongezeko la vijana wawakilishi tofauti na chaguzi za awali. Kupata wabunge vijana wa kuchaguliwa takribani 15 (CCM (4), CHADEMA (8), NCCR-Mageuzi (3) kwa mujibu wa taarifa zilizowasilishwa kwa mwandishi wa makala hii toka wahusika wa vyama husika) tofauti na awali katika chaguzi ya mwaka 2005 ambako kulikuwa na mbunge mmoja tu wa kuchaguliwa, Mhe. Zitto Kabwe toka Kigoma Kaskazini. Ikumbukwe kijana anayezingatiwa hapa ni kwamujibu wa sera ya Taifa ya vijana inamtafsiri kijana kama mtu mwenye umri wa miaka kati ya 18-35.

Idadi kubwa hiyo ni zao la juhudi kubwa na za muda mrefu za wadau mbali mbali mathalani asasi za kiraia hususan za vijana kupiga chapuo hitaji la ongezeko la uwakilishi wa vijana katika vyama vya maamuzi.

Lakini hatuwezi kupuuza usikivu wa vyama vya kisiasa ambavyo viliweza kuona tunu ya wito wa kuwekeza katika vijana kwa kuwapa ridhaa vijana kusimama kama wagombea katika majimbo. Hakika imedhihirisha inawezekana!

Ushindi ambao vijana wengi wameweza kuupata ni taswira pana ya mabadiliko ya kimtazamo kuwa vijana si tu wasindikizaji ama wapambe wa wagombea bali wao pia wanaweza kuwa wagombea na kuwa wawakilishi wa wananchi katika ngazi za maamuzi.

Imani ambayo watanzania wamewekeza kwenu vijana wabunge kupitia kura zao mnapaswa mjitahidi kuishi kwa vitendo, mnapaswa irejeshe imani hiyo kwa utumishi uliotukuka kwa kusimamia maslahi ya wananchi.

Vijana waliofaulu kuchaguliwa kuwa wabunge wasisahau wao ni sampuli ndogo miongoni mwa vijana wengi ambao wanauwezo na utashi wa kuwatumikia wananchi hususan kwa kuwakilisha katika vyombo vya kimaamuzi, hivyo ni jukumu lao kuenenda na kuthibitisha vijana ni tunu na hazina katika mabadiliko.

Licha ya majukumu mazito ya wabunge vijana wa kuchaguliwa wanayo dhidi ya wananchi wao katika majimbo yao, kundi la vijana haliwezi kuacha kuwaangalia wao kama watetezi pekee wa ajenda na vipaumbele vya vijana.

Baadhi ya ajenda ambazo zimekuwa zikipigiwa kelele kwa zaidi ya miaka mingi sana na vijana toka makundi mbali mbali kama asasi za kiraia za vijana, taasisi za kisiasa, taasisi za kitaaluma nk tena baadhi ya vijana waliokuwa katika harakati hizo miongoni mwao sasa wamefaulu kuwa wabunge, tunatarajia wataendelea sasa kusimamiwa kidete katika ngazi ya juu na uwezo wa ushawishi wa kimaamuzi kwa bunge na serikali nzima.

Mwaka 2010 kama ilivyokuwa mnamo mwaka 2005 asasi za kiraia kadhaa zenye kujihusisha na masuala ya vijana zikiratibiwa na asasi ya TYVA zimeweza kukusanya na kutathmini vipaumbele vya vijana na Taifa zima kwa ujumla. Vipaumbele ambavyo kwa asilimia kubwa ndivyo vilio vya vijana hivyo tunapaswa kuwakumbusha tena na tena wabunge vijana ambao ni wawakilishi wa sampuli ya vijana katika vyombo vya kimaamuzi kuweza kuvitetea.

Ni kundi hili dogo la vijana wabunge ambao vijana wote wa kitanzania wanaweka matumaini yao kuwasikia wakiwa mstari wa mbele kutetea uanzishwaji wa baraza huru la vijana la Taifa na haswa kusimamia na kuhakikisha sera ya vijana ya Taifa inatekelezwa kwa mapana yake licha ya changamoto zake.

Ni vijana hawa wabunge ambao wanaujua uchungu wa ukosefu wa ajira, mazingira magumu yaliyopo katika kilimo hususan kwa wakulima wadogo wadogo, ukosefu wa ujuzi na ukomavu wa fani na ujasiri wa kupambana katika soko la ndani na kimataifa, na ni wabunge hawa vijana ambao wanajua hali na mazingira magumu ya upatikanaji wa mitaji na fursa za kuwekeza kwa vijana nchini. Tunaamini hawatatusaliti!

Ni wabunge hawa vijana ambao kwa asilimia kubwa wamepitia katika mifumo ua kielimu nchini ambayo changamoto zake hakika naamini hawajazisahau kama ilivyo kwa sekta ya afya. Naamini watapaza sauti sasa kusimamia mabadiliko yake.

Nina amini mmeshuhudia ufu wa vipaji vya vijana wenzenu na wachache ambao walisimama kidete kutetea vipaji hivyo jinsi walivyokuwa na ugumu katika kufaidika naamini mtahakikisha sera na usimamizi madhubuti wa ukuzwaji na mazingira bora ya uchocheaji vipaji nchini kama tunu ya mchango wenu kwa kundi kubwa hili.

Mazingira bora ya ukuzwaji wa vipaji mathalani michezo kwa kuhakikisha tabia ya ubinafsi ya kuuza viwanja vya wazi ambavyo baadhi ya hivyo vilikuwa vikitumiwa na vijana kucheza michezo mbalimbali. Naamini hamtakenua haya yakitendeka na hata kwa baadhi ya maeneo mtarudi nyuma na kusawazisha mabonde.

Kwa msukumo wa ujana wa chachu ya fikra mpya, ubunifu, nguvu mpya na uwezo wa uthubutu naamini mtakuwa na uthubutu wa kusukuma uwepo wa mchakato wa kufanyia mabadiliko Katiba ya Tanzania.

Uundwaji wa katiba mpya imekuwa kilio cha muda mrefu cha makundi mbali mbali katika jamii ya Tanzania mathalani vyama vya kiraia, vyama vya siasa (ambavyo ndimo mnakotoka), wasomi na hata wananchi wote kwa ujumla. Hakika tunawapa jukumu la kusimamia uwepo wa mabadiliko! Kuhakikisha uundwaji wa katiba mpya.

Ni katiba mpya inaweza kutoa fursa hata kwa kijana kushika nyadhifa ya juu ya kiuongozi nchini ya urais ambayo kwa sasa kwa mujibu wa katiba kijana hawezi kuwa rais na kuhakikisha mabadiliko ya kigezo cha umri toka miaka 40 hadi japo miaka 35 yanafanyika.

Naamini mnatambua kuna vijana wengi wamekosa fursa kusimama kuwa wagombea kutokana na baadhi ya vyama kutotoa fursa kwa vijana. Ni mabadiliko ya kikatiba mkiyasimamia mathalan kuruhusu mgombea binafsi yanaweza kuwa suluhu kwao.

Mmezunguka na kusikiliza wananchi, hakika wengi wana hali duni kiuchumi. Naamini hamtawasaliti na kuwasahau kuwa wameweka matumaini yao kwenu mtawatoa katika mfumo ambao unapelekea kuwa na hali duni ya kiuchumi na kupunguza umaskini wa mtu mmoja mmoja.

Tumaini la vijana wenye ulemavu lipo mikononi mwenu. Naamini mnatambua hali duni inayowakabili katika upatikanaji wa huduma za kijamii mathalani elimu, mazingira duni katika sekta za kiafya, na hata wenye elimu kukabiliwa na changamoto ya kunyanyapaliwa katika fursa za ajira na vyombo vya kimaamuzi. Kuweni sauti yao!

Tunaamini mtakuwa wabunge wenye chachu na mwamko mpya katika kusimamia kuleta mabadiliko katika nchi yetu. Ni matumaini ya wananchi katika ujana ambao mnao mtakuwa na nguvu na fikra mpya kuweza kuwa nuru kwa Taifa na kurejesha imani kubwa la kusimamia maslahi ya nchi hususan ya wanyonge na makundi yanayosahaulika ama kutengwa.

Kumbukeni daima maneno ya Frantz Fanon kwamba kila kizazi kinapaswa kung’amua utume wake na aidha kiutekeleze ama kiusaliti.

Hakika msimamo wenu ndiyo chachu ya maendeleo yetu. MUNGU awajaze hekima katika utumishi wenu!

©Michael Dalali, 2010

Saturday, November 20, 2010

Professor Wamba dia Wamba on the Importance of Teaching Philosophy in East and Central Africa

Pity the Party!

Pity the party;
that party on people’s blood;
or feast on the poor’s sweat!

Pity the people;
that are party to bloodshed;
or preach aloota continua!

Pity the personnel;
that party in bloodsucking;
or spread false promises!

Thursday, November 18, 2010

Introducing a New Course on Pan-African Thought at the University of Dar es Salaam


The College of Arts and Social Science is pleased to announce to all university students a new course on Pan African Thought. The course begins this semester, i.e. November 2010.

Name of the Course

AS 220: Pan-African Thought and Practice I: The Roots of Pan-Africanism

Course Units

3

Course Objectives

• To expose students to Africa’s balanced history;
• To account for the decline of Africa’s once record-breaking civilizations;
• To inculcate into students a sense of pride and confidence on the one hand and self criticism on the other, both of which are essential in order for Africa to realize socio-cultural and economic development

Additional Information

The course is offered in two parts, part one (AS 220) is offered in semester I, and part II (AS 221) is offered in the second semester. The course is elective (optional), and limited to only 100 students.

AS 220 will be taught as a complete course with its own modules and grading process; it will, at the same time, be considered a starter for AS 221. That is to say, a student will have to take both courses so as to acquire the intended values and skills.

The course will be taught in an intellectually rigorous fashion with an interdisciplinary approach. Lecturers from different disciplines, including outside social sciences and humanities, will be recruited to teach it. Whenever possible, guest lecturers from outside the university or the country will be invited.

Who is Eligible?

All undergraduate students, from second year and above (i.e. third year and fourth year students etc.)

Note: The course is open to all university students and from all fields of study. It is not limited to social sciences and arts students.

Where to Register?

Register online as you do for other courses

Lectures

There will be two lectures per week
Monday 12:00 Yombo 3 and Wednesday 08:00-09:00 Yombo 3

The first lecture starts on Monday 22nd November 2010

For further information contact:

The Course Co-ordinator: Ng’wanza Kamata, Office No. 409, Tower Block
Or write to panafrica.course@gmail.com

Monday, November 15, 2010

Mushrooming of Texts on Land Grabbing in Africa

Patent Grab Threatens Biodiversity and Food Sovereignty in Africa
http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/features/68643

Land Grabbing in Africa: A Review of the Impacts and the Possible Policy Responses
http://www.oxfam.org.uk/resources/learning/landrights/downloads/land_grabbing_in_africa_impacts_&_policy_responses.pdf

The Right to Food: Report of the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food
http://www.ceres-osc.com/landreport.pdf

Friday, November 5, 2010

MATOKEO YA UCHAGUZI WA RAIS TANZANIA

Leo Tume ya Taifa ya Uchaguzi (NEC) imemtangaza Mheshimiwa Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete kuwa mshindi katika Uchaguzi wa Rais 2010 kwa 61.17%. Katika uchaguzi huu wapiga kura wapatao 5,276,827 walimpigia kura ikiwa ni takribani 10% ya Watanzania wote. Kiwango hiki cha ushindi kimeshuka kwa takribani 20% ukilinganisha na uchaguzi wa 2005. Uchambuzi wa awali unaonesha kuwa matokeo haya yanadhihirisha kuwa Rais Kikwete ana changamoto kubwa ya kurudisha ari na imani kubwa iliyofanya wapiga kura wamchague kwa kishindo katika uchaguzi uliopita wakitegemea 'Maisha Bora kwa Kila Mtanzania'. Hatua ya awali ya kurudisha hiyo hali, ama uhalali huo wa kuongoza, mioyoni mwa wapiga kura hao ambao hawakumpigia kura safari hii, ni kuunda Baraza la Mawaziri dogo tena lisilo na nyuso tata ambazo wananchi walizikataa kwenye uchaguzi tete huu ama kutokana na utendaji mbovu au tuhuma nzito za ufisadi. Hatua nyingine ni kuhakikisha kuwa Serikali inabana na kupunguza matumizi yake hasa katika kipindi hiki kigumu kinasobabishwa na mtikisiko mkubwa wa uchumi ulimwenguni. Wananchi tumetoa tamko letu katika uchaguzi huu - ni tamko kuu ambalo Rais hawezi kulipuuza katika kusimamia utendaji/uwajibikaji wa Serikali hasa kama anaitakia kweli mema nchi yetu.

Mungu Ibariki Afrika
Wabariki Viongozi Wake
Hekima Umoja na Amani
Hizi ni Ngao Zetu
Afrika na Watu Wake

Ibariki Afrika
Ibariki Afrika
Tubariki Watoto wa Afrika

Mungu Ibariki Tanzania
Dumisha Uhuru na Umoja
Wake kwa Waume na Watoto
Mungu Ibariki Tanzania na Watu Wake

Ibariki Tanzania
Ibariki Tanzania
Tubariki Watoto wa Tanzania

Tuesday, November 2, 2010

MATOKEO YA JIMBO LANGU LA UCHAGUZI

Hatimaye John Mnyika ametangazwa Mshindi wa Ubunge katika Jimbo la Ubungo. Matokeo yalicheleweshwa kutangazwa kupita kiasi bila sababu ya msingi. Wadau wa mgombea huyu walikesha juzi na jana usiku kuhakikisha kura hazichakachuliwi hasa ukizingatia kulikuwa na madai ya kufanyika kwa kitendo hicho katika uchaguzi wa 2005. Juhudi zao zimezaa matunda 2010.

Sunday, October 31, 2010

MATOKEO YA KITUO CHANGU CHA UCHAGUZI

KURA ZA URAIS:

CHADEMA: 108+128+119+85+94 = 534
CCM: 88+70+58+80+77 = 373

KURA ZA UBUNGE:

CHADEMA: 135+134+126+99+111 = 605
CCM: 58+58+45+63+51 = 275

KURA ZA UDIWANI:

CHADEMA: 109+108+115+86+88 = 506
CCM: 80+70+54+71+68 = 343

*KITUO CHA SINZA A (NICE) OFISI YA KITONGOJI

NIMESHAPIGA KURA YANGU YA KIHISTORIA!

Mwanzo Mgumu!

Kuziba Mianya!

Kujipanga Kazi!

Kutafuta Jina!

Kupiga Kura!

Kwisha Kazi!

Saturday, October 30, 2010

What is my thinking today, had I been in Tanzania, how would I have voted on Sunday, 31st October 2010 ... (Author : Temu, A.B.S (c) 2010)

Here is my thinking...

I have thought for a long while - long before the election fever, listened to many debates, observed mindsets operating across various media platforms, people's discussions, noted confusions and well elaborated discussions, I have spoken to some opinion formers, people on the ground in Tanzania, candidates running this year 2010, candidates aspiring for 2015... a good mix...

Conviction

I remain convinced, as a country, we must always aim such that we don't want to have any unstable & weaker party or parties in government. We don't want weaker alternative parties too - what we want is a truly stable government in waiting machinery in full operation. We want stronger public institutions!

Status Quo

The status quo, the leadership of the ruling party is weaker, perhaps in the history of CCM since it was formed more than 33 years ago.

Why we no longer hear nguvu mpya, ari mpya kasi mpya in this compaign?

CCM has even continued to embrace public personalities that are tarnished with corrupt practices and even to a point allowing CCM presidential candidate to share campaign platforms with some of the accused! How they made it through the selection is beyond me. Leadership is not about following. It is about leading. The fact that opinion polls can decide for a particular candidate, if there are grounds to lead to a different direction, then that is that! There are some candidates who have not been selected for whatever reason, seemingly on party political interests than nations, and or principles.

Integrity, Grand Corruption

This is surely baffling and mind boggling when you actually imagine that the institutions of law and order (under the current government with its Chief Executive, the Head of State, who happens to be a CCM Leader & Presidential candidate) - have charge files open for some of the MP candidates that the President had to campaign for them, basically implying the party and the leadership believe these people are clean and the courts are just wasting your tax papers money chasing these people! It's DONE! Fait accompli!

You need to bear in mind these state organs offices have presidential appointees as their heads, and it is a complete mockery to have their Chief Executive seemingly indicating or rather declaring in public that those they are pursuing, now that they are candidates, they are indeed clean. It would have served the public and the nation much better had the CEO had taken a neutral position and leave the organs of state to carry their duty. Not that the CEO has stopped them, but it is a bad political game being played here! This is wholly destructive to any genuine effort for real fight or to even be seen to fight corruption and indirectly or perhaps politically directly disallowing the law of the land to take its course. This is a BIG mistake and is significant as it now gives an impression and sense what is the real view of the current Leadership

when it comes to allow fair prosecution to take place, especially when one of their teams are implicated in cases involving Grand Corruption. The public secret, is with the current administration, the current establishment, there is no real appetite to fight GRAND Corruption.

Grand corruption is endemic in the country, it is ripe all over! Malaise is in most of the public offices and the operating mindset and pragmatism is purely survival in the majority.

This is not good for a Tanzania of 21st century and we all know that, irrespective of political inclination of affiliation.

New 'Kids' in the Blocks

The good news is, this year has seen a number of new emerging young and fresh potential leaders coming into the fold. If one observes the current positioning of these new 'kids' on the block, one can easily predict no much change in the offing, as the machinery of the establishment is well grounded into its own ways of conducting business, hence, 'how dare you coming and thinking you can change us?'! This is a huge challenge for anyone who has joined the ranks, and more particularly for one aiming to bring real change for betterment of our nation.

Don't be fooled

However, don't be fooled that there is literally nothing happening or has happened as progress under the watch of the current government - not at all, there are gains to be proud off – one example freedom of expression to mention just one – and this could arguably be given as credit to the public for keeping pushing due to intolerable malpractices my those holding public offices;

The blame is on what has been missed, missed as opportunity! The exhaustibly and prohibitively most expensive opportunity cost… as an amalgamation of opportunities missed - i.e. what could have been achieved far more outweighs what has been achieved. This is where the painful experience is, for the country.

What are the options then?

The alternative parties, parties not in power - have recorded impressive support to date - notably CHADEMA on the mainland and CUF on the Isles, partly in some of these seemingly in the last hour!

CUF

In the Isles, CUF have significantly good chance for forming a government of national unity. When I read some of the CUF policies, I can hear the frustrations on efforts to make the Union fairer, though I remain in horror and shock if any sixth sense picks any innuendos that are to lead to breaking the union formed by African, and can't stop cautioning that we must do all in our power as peoples of one United nation, to protect our unity and our identity and Tanzanians, as Africans, irrespective of religion, colour, creed, where the fore Fathers came from or any form of shape of racism. We gain a lot more by being united than otherwise. Still, there is Leadership there with Maalim Seif and hopefully we continue with the unity we badly need it and want it, for this young nation of ours, Tanzania. How wonderful would it be, had CUF had similar achievements on the Mainland. ASP and TANU did something and formed CCM. CUF must do all it can to replicate something that will ensure national coverage with similar successes! This is still a journey… However, the House of Representatives in the Isles, has achieved, in terms of balance, what the Parliament of the United Republic of Tanzania badly wants – this is based on what the nations now needs!

CHADEMA

When preparation meets an opportunity people call it luck! Dr Slaa is well grounded as one of the Generals in the war against GRAND Corruption. He is well prepared for that – no doubt! He has credentials and he is an ordinary man. He can identify with people and their cries at this time of need. He is not part of the establishment. All these make him suitably the right person the right candidate to take the fight to the ruling elite, and the established party and its powerful machinery.

Dr Slaa, has many people on his side, has embraced the youth, has embraced technology, and engages with the people much faster and in simple forms. You will find Dr Slaa updating Facebook status. The writing sounds almost as he speaks! If he has an assistant, that assistant is damn good at capturing his boss's mood and putting the wording matching his style. He has massive work to do on the Isles though… and this is a gap that needs addressed not via running mate candidacy, rather by direct appeal and acceptance by the voters due to his party policies and credentials, while ensuring Unity is progressed and maintained.

These are the signs of time! People are fed up with stories and no action, fed up with promises after promises that are never fulfilled. Fed up with plain politicking when it comes to fighting for the interest of the country, interests of the ordinary people on the street… The nation for the first time could see a voter turn out of much higher magnitude, perhaps yet ever registered since self rule in the 60s, or perhaps ever since we emerged as a nation!

Frustrations:

What is desperately lucking is the continued, relentless 'reporting' of the successes achieved by the MPs, Councillors of these parties in the wards they led since the start of multi party. Note I have used the word 'reporting', as there is anecdotal indication that there are some very good success stories but these are never successfully show cased! This is where it begs the infamous question or point of view to some, that if you can not give credentials for running just a mere Council, how can you seriously tell serious people that you want them to vote you for the biggest office on the land? Any serious and thoughtful person will reflect on this! This, in my view, should and must be part of the strategy to ensure the machinery of the government in waiting is constantly and repeatedly seeking and talking about what their constituents have achieved in terms of development in the wards that are under their watch. Where the establishment consistently frustrates such efforts through bureaucratic means – as we clearly know such can and do happen - the strategy must equally address these issues aggressively yet tactically and peacefully and informing their rightful empowered bosses, the citizens. Technology of today makes this so easy and much achievable beyond anyone's wildest dreams merely just five years ago!

Confusion

The alternative parties are also doing nation disfavour, and to the detriment of all evolving effective true democracy of the people for the people, by allowing fragmentation of political parties under the disguise of people are free to have different views. Diversity is indeed extremely healthy, but what is the whole purpose of having a political party? Tanzania surely does not need 20 political organizations vying to govern and each aiming for Presidency! This is utter madness and no doubt firmly and vehemently cements the theory that regards the absence of all direct or coercive government in waiting as a political ideal and one that proposes the cooperative and voluntary association of individuals and groups as the principal mode of organized society. In short, simply political, moral, intellectual confusion; chaos; disorder or anarchy in this sphere! The parties outside the government are deemed lacking unity, vision, broader inclusive leadership, and when it is all summed up, the conclusion is yes, we have what we have but these organizations are not ready to govern, coalitional or otherwise – remember to deliver the desired impact that the country badly needs. They are at best pressure groups for certain specific agenda, for example fight against corruption.

The country where it is now, in this journey does not need fragmented political organizations. The Leaders of these parties must provide leadership for the interest of the nation, and come together now and for good. Not just during elections, but this calls for a strategic initiative to bring all factions under one roof and be ready to work and serve for the interest of the nation. With fewer strong parties, having informed representation in the parliament, the benefits to the nation are immense!

Our nation is obviously in soul search mode, badly wanting a committed, determined, serious government in waiting, one that fits the mood of the nation, craving for real change! For that, alternative parties – especially the Leaderships, MUST seriously ask themselves who are they here to save? I am convinced and will be for many serious people, if the answer is to serve the many people of the country, the PUBLIC, then their operational status quo is as unacceptable to the nation as the attitudes of the ruling party's status quo is.

That is the fact many may shy away from stating this as the obvious, but we as people must continue to build and nurture the culture of stating what we see, and playing our part in helping the desired change. We should not remain as observers only or finger pointers only. Surely, we must take actions, take steps forward, and give each other consistent feedback on prevailing developments, successes and challenges. That way we are all engaged in the interest of us as a nation.

So what?

We have what we have. It is part of us. One cannot deny who they are. The nation is undoubtedly now screaming for change. The state (and establishment) must continue to scream for fairness and rule of law for all. This is crucial. As a young nation, we cannot afford continued breaking of laws for certain sect of people in the society and expect the rest of the mass not imitating the same be it in a different form! That is still lawlessness! It is in the nature. Where there is vacuum something will certainly get in and fill the vacuum. Good Leadership is one enshrined with the attitude that drives walking the talk, living it. We can't continue to have Leaders who are preaching one thing and doing the appositive. Leaders who are putting money first, bribing the public, looking for own personal career opportunities through dubious means via public offices - these are all signs of corrupted mindset, non serving mindset. Great and successful Leaders are those who enjoy and love giving their time, energy and skills for the good of many, as a public service, they respond to the calling to serve, not self anointed for their own egos, and or their family gains. It is to the contrary, they sacrifice all that! Some succeed, make it, some don't!

We are one people! One nation! We can achieve best when we, each and every one of us, persistently and consistently embrace great universal values, not self serving only and always. Political parties are organizational entities to help us as people in this nation building journey. They are not some mini Gods that one must worship and stick to even when clearly they are heading in the wrong direction.

For that, as one people, we must continue striving to have strong institutions. Strong institutions that are run by principled people, those leaders who know what must be done, and they executive the appropriate plans, by working with appropriate skilled teams to deliver the desired results. Specific, measurable, accurate, realistic, and timed desired results MUST be worked on and declared in advance so that these can later be managed, measured to determine the status for success or later improvements.

Today's election, Dr. Slaa is talking about public services and opening these up to the masses, with a good ad fairer taxation system; attack GRAND CORRUPTION with full vigour and full zealous and revisiting Investment Policies and relevant Contracts. All good stuff to hear, but I am asking myself, where are the credentials for his team members? Surely he needs a good team to run such a massive country! This team, organizational power machine, needs to be out there attacking all weak spots of the ruling government, as a team work and must be visible.

No doubt, we need strong alternative party operating a highly disciplined organization as a government in waiting. If we have that one, then the country is set! If we don't, the country is matching towards that, but unlikely to be fully attained in 2010 elections.

Therefore, what is your conclusion then …

Leaders come from the same society. Bad society yields bad leaders. Whatever Good is, it yields Good! Leaders are a representation, or reflection of what the society wants. If you stay in, and complain, that is what you have chosen. To observe and complain! If you go out and cast your vote, you have done your duty! In the old days that duty could have been going to wars and grab spears and arrows or for modern machinery that could be guns. In our Tanzania, we debate, we debate, and then we make decisions, and expected to act on our decisions, and remain accountable for your decisions.

We are one nation! One country! We are all brothers and sisters! The fight we have as a nation is against poverty, ignorance and diseases! We surely have to deal with securing our borders and security of our people with their wellbeing, their wealth, and their freedom.

To achieve this, we need strong institutions. CCM had made a fair share of blunders, some are irrevocable! Remember, CCM was founded as a 'state' party. Just as treasury is a 'state' institution, so is the founding of CCM. Post multi party we now have other parties, and these get subsidized from treasury, linking that element of public duty.

The founding of CCM and other parties is substantially different. No wonder today CCM is the most established party on the land – be it some people are busy either demolishing it or thinking as if it was their own property.

Our houses of parliaments on the mainland and in the Isles – they need representation that will ensure live debates, informed debates and inform their constituencies on the current state of affairs. They need to be able to bring the government of the day to account.

Formed Final Opinion

To that end, to help our nation so that, this nation gets better alternatives on the table, we the people, as we stand on the shoulders of the giants who came before us, the pioneers who have spearhead alternative politics on our mother land, as they did - in a most disciplined, most honourable, most decent, most honest and most impeccable manner – we must extend our supporting hand to the alternative and best disciplined political party to-date (under the prevailing circumstances) on the land, other than the well established currently ruling party, so that we as the people, end up with real choices , and lay a solid foundation for future generations of Tanzanians, with strong political parties to choose from. No longer should we allow a single party to dominate the parliament to a point that no significant changes can be achieved due to party political whips operating at the expense of the whole nation.

For that, it is imperative voters diligently cast their votes using their MINDS and not EMOTIONS.

If you end up making the same conclusion as I do, that we need alternative strong party representation in our parliament, I have no doubt if you are in the Isles you will vote for CUF and if you are on the Mainland, you will vote for CHADEMA.

This is unlikely to bring neither a CHADEMA President, nor a President from the Opposition on the Mainland, but could potentially bring one on the Isles.

What this brings though, is potentially a vibrant political climate that will ensure, the mighty powerful CCM no longer entertain malaise as it is as rampant and as currently is, CCM will be much more careful and hopeful effective if it wants to remain in the helms of governing, and this truly has to be for the benefit of the country.

Equally, with strong CCM that has lost elections, any future non CCM government will be put to checks and balances with the same rigour and vigour. I would hate to see a dissipated CCM like what happened to KANU or ZANU. CCM is a Revolutionary Party, it is no longer TANU or ASP, and that you can see how visionary those early leaders were! Don't be fooled, CCM is and will remain a political might to reckon with for many years to come.

With more people openly, respectively and decently engage in supporting alternative politics, the alternative parties will get further opportunities to strengthen their organizations, hopefully with view to form a united revolutionary pragmatic movement that will truly be a well organized and highly disciplined, truly no question no quibbles, a government in waiting.

The people of Tanzania, the majority will continue to believe that it is possible after all, to have alternative politics in a peaceful manner and maintain the same family hood we have enjoyed for over 40 years as self home rule Republic.

Mungu Ibariki Tanzania!

Mungu Ibariki Afrika

Na Watu Wake Wote!

Karibu kwenye ulingo wa kutafakari kuhusu tunapotoka,tulipo,tuendako na namna ambavyo tutafika huko tuendako/Welcome to a platform for reflecting on where we are coming from, where we are, where we are going and how we will get there

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